Metformin is a biguanide anti-diabetic that works by reducing the amount of sugar that the liver creates and the intestines consume.

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Drug Uses

Metformin is adopted for treating type 2 diabetes. It is prescribed along with diet and exercise. It may be used singly or with other antidiabetic medicines.


Use Metformin as instructed by your doctor. Ingest Metformin after food. Use Metformin regularly to get the most advantage from it. Taking Metformin at the same time every day will make you remember to take it and make it more effective. Continue Metformin medication even if you feel great. Do not avoid any doses. Ask your medical practitioner any questions you might have about the usage Metformin.

Drug Class and Mechanism

Metformin comes in biguanide antidiabetic. It controls by lowering the amount of sugar that the liver produces and the intestines absorb. It also helps to make your body more receptive to the insulin that you naturally make.

Missed Dose

If you miss a dose of Metformin and are using it daily, take it as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dosage, skip the dropped dose, and go back to your routine dosing schedule. Two dose at a time is not at all advised.


Keep Metformin within 68 and 77 degrees F (20 and 25 degrees C). Concise storage at temperatures within 59 and 86 degrees F (15 and 30 degrees C) is allowed. Keep it away from heat, moisture, and light. Be careful to keep it in a place it is not reachable to children and pets.
Do not intake Metformin if:

You are intolerable to any component in Metformin.

You are in medicinal therapy for congestive heart failure.

You are infected in any way, lowering blood oxygen levels, kidney or liver issues, raised blood ketone or acid levels, or critical dehydration.

You have a clinical history of cardiac arrest or stroke.

Your age is 80 or more and you have not tested your kidney function yet.

You are scheduled to have a surgery or lab test.

Important :
Dizziness may happen while you are having Metformin. This effect may be more acute if you take it with alcohol or specific medicines. Use Metformin with attention. Do not drive or perform other probably hazardous tasks until you know you are stable.

Follow the diet and training program asked you to do by your doctor.
Intake of alcohol in large quantities is not recommended during Metformin medication.

Inform your doctor or dentist that you take Metformin before you take any medical or dental care, emergency care, or surgery.
Be mindful not to become dehydrated, particularly during hot weather or while you are being engaged. Dehydration may raise the risk of Metformin side effects.

Keep an ID card at all times that says you have diabetes. Check your blood sugar levels as advised by your doctor. If it is unstable mostly then take Metformin exactly as prescribed by your doctor accordingly.
This drug does not usually reduce your blood sugar levels. Low blood sugar may be more likely to happen if you avoid a meal, exercise strenuously, or drink alcohol. It may also be more acceptable if you take Metformin along with some medicines for diabetes (e.g., sulfonylureas, insulin). It is a good idea to carry a good source of glucose (e.g., tablets or gel) to handle low blood sugar. If this is not possible, you should intake a source of sugar like table sugar, candy, honey, or non-diet soda orange juice to raise your blood sugar level quickly. To counteract low blood sugar, eat meals at the same time each day.

Infection, injury, fever, or surgery may raise your risk for high or low blood sugar levels. If any of these transpire, check your blood sugar closely and tell your doctor right away.

Metformin may usually cause indigestion, nausea, stomach upset, vomiting, or diarrhea at the beginning of treatment. If you have unusual or unexpected stomach aches or other problems, or if you develop stomach problems later during therapy, Inform this to your doctor. This may be an indication of lactic acidosis.

Lab examinations, including kidney function, fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and blood counts, may be done while you use Metformin. These tests may be utilized to observe your condition or check for side effects. Be sure to carry all doctor and lab appointments.

Metformin is not recommended to aged, though for the ages below 80 and is almost there should take it cautiously; they may be more sensitive to its effects. Low blood sugar levels may also be more challenging to diagnose in the elderly.

Metformin should not be given to children younger than 10 years old. The safety in this age group has not been verified. If you become pregnant, inform your doctor. You will need to consider the perks and risks of using Metformin while you are expecting. Breastfeeding mothers also should take the medicine after informing the doctor with care.